Alexander Keith Johnston's Map of Northern Italy - Lithographed Edition. Original hand outlining and coloring. Steel plate engraved map.
From Johnston's National Atlas of Historical, Commercial, and Political Geography. 1850, Edinburgh, Scotland.
Map size 60 cm x 50 cm, center fold as issued.
Condition very good to fine. Minor toning at edges and in center fold.
note: the corresponding low-quality image is for informational purpose/identification. We are happy to email a detailed, high resolution image of this item upon request. Bowing and map color shifts are from the photo. Map itself is straight, flat and uniform unless otherwise noted.
Alexander Keith Johnston (1804-1871) was a Scottish cartographer and Geographer Royal to the Queen of Scotland. After an education at the high school and University of Edinburgh he was apprenticed to James Kirkwood and Sons, Engravers, in 1820. In 1826 he joined his brother (who would become Sir William Johnston, Lord Provost of Edinburgh) in a printing and engraving business, forming the well-known cartography firm of W. and A.K. Johnston.
His interest in geography developed early, and his first important work was the National Atlas of General Geography, which earned for him in 1843 the appointment of Geographer Royal for Scotland. Johnston was the first to bring the study of physical geography into competent notice in England. Through Alexander von Humboldt and after years of labor he published his magnificent Physical Atlas in 1848, followed by a second and larger edition in 1856.
Johnston also published a Dictionary of Geography in 1850, with many later editions. Also - The Royal Atlas of Modern Geography, begun in 1855; An Atlas of Military Geography, begun in 18484, and a variety of other atlases and maps for educational or scientific purposes.
A son, Alexander Keith Johnston, 1844-1879, carried on the work of the map publishing house founded by his father. He assisted in a survey of Paraguay and died in Africa while leading an expedition of the Royal Geographical Society to Lake Nyasa.
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